Museum of Lace and lace collection Balakhna' Complex Museum of History and Art

Beautiful products  masters of Balakhna masters formed the basis for the collection of lace of Balakhna complex history and art museum. The collection began to take shape in the first year of the museum. At the time of its opening to visitors - November 7, 1927 - in his exposition was presented 45 the lace products. The first director of the museum and the initiator of its creation - Viktor N. Kirillov was a great lover of antiquity, the true collector. It is surprising that he, a man keenly grasped the importance of preserving ancient samples Balakhna lace. It is interesting to note that the priority plans of the head of the museum's publication skolok (technical drawings) and lace creation in Balakhna studio lace and embroidery stitch. Today the collection skolok's at the end of the 1920s of Kirillov, kept in his personal fund of the Central Archives of Nizhny Novgorod region.

The scientific description of the "lace" collection only began in the 80s. XX century. A great contribution to the formation, study and restoration of this collection over the years have made: museum director S. Filatov (1961-1980 years),  museum director Nina F. Ovechkinа (1993-1995 years), museum director Marina V. Suchkova (1997-2009 years), head of the funds Zinaida I. Galkina (1994-2004), head of the funds Svetlana V. Pukhova (2004 - 2006), researchers Lydia Volkova, Irina Zakharova, Marina Mochalova, masters of lace Lidia Vasilieva, Galina Kotova.

They tried to gather a great collection for the provincial museum. The collection includes lace individual items (80 items at the time of 2008) and dimensional lace that decorated items made of cloth. By the time of appearance in the museum collection of lace can be divided into three groups.

Group 1 - the exhibits received until 1961, referred to as "old"  (18 items). On these subjects there were no additional data. But this is the most ancient and valuable lace: a cap-volosnik, linen jacket, made in the coupling technique, an apron-zapon. All of these items date from the second half of XIX century. The names of the masters are not known.

Group 2, which consists of 30 pieces, includes lace received in the period from 1961 to 1994. At this time deliberately not looking for lace, but it was in these years, the museum received a number of unique lace items. Among them, perhaps, the oldest exhibit lace collection. This lace shawl.  A length of 3 meters long. It can be dated to the second half of XIX century. But it is made from an ancient skolok that researchers lace craft - Sophia A. Davydov, Prokopiev, Faleeva dates from the middle of XIX century. Among the exhibits in this group a unique three-meter scarves, made in the traditional weaving techniques of Balakhna, which is still in the XIX century. called "balahonsky manner". One of the scarves, for example, was made a talented unknown master of lace and belonged to the vendor of retail goods from the village Pestyaki - Praskovia Lunina. In 1975 the museum received a set of tools for making lace, the oldest master in the city Balakhna Alexandra Ivanovna Klinova.

Group 3 - More than 100 exhibits. They came to the museum over the past 13 years, marking the great public interest in folk crafts. Additional incentive to actively work with a collection of lace was the work of the Museum of Nizhny Novgorod University named after N. Lobachevsky, who in 1998 received a grant from the Russian Humanitarian Foundation and conducted ethnographic expedition to study the Balakhna lace. In 2000, the expedition made materials exhibit "Balakhna lace: Past and Present" and a scientific workshop. Employees Museum of Balakhna took an active part in these events.
In group 3 predominates dimensional lace and products, designed with lace. However, in recent years, the museum staff did not just gather lace, but also try to create some mini collections master of lace of Balakhna, which include their photos, documents and personal belongings.

Among the laces that came to the museum in recent years, we would like to highlight a wonderful scarf (shawl) of cream silk three-meter length. It was owned by Tatiana S. Varvarina. Wizard, which produced it, is unknown. Dated to exhibit the XIX-XX centuries. The exhibit is well preserved. Traditional lace for most Balakhna "klyunevy edge", leaves and flowers on long branches, large, clean work put this scarf among the best examples of classic "balahonsky manner."

Galina A. KotovaIn the XIX - early XX centuries. In addition to traditional kerchiefs were very popular and scarves. Required for their manufacture in twice the time than kerchiefs, and they were worth, respectively, at twice the price. In total, the museum's collection 4 black silk shawls. One of them was made at the end of the XIX century hereditary  master of lace Praskovya A. Kochetova. The museum is being kept a collection of objects of hereditary lace Kochetova: custom-made lace, lace-dimensional, chemise, silk skein cream thread, lace belongings.

In recent years, began to form personal collection of modern masters lace. The most significant of these is due Galina A. Kotova.

 Galina has worked at the branch lace factory Gorodets strochevyshivalnaya that existed from 1969 to Balakhna 1994. Branch headed by Lydia F. Vasilievа, who graduated from the Kirov School of lace and came to the Balakhna in 1968. Masters of lace were the heirs of this branch of the complex by the technique of execution "balahonsky manner."

XXI Century to Balakhna Museum was marked a significant intensification of the exposition, exhibition, promotional activities. In 2000 the museum was built new exhibition "Balakhna lace" in 1998, 2005, 2007 Museum has organized exhibitions of lace in the museums of Nizhniy Novgorod and the Nizhny Novgorod Region (Gorodets, Pavlovo, Semenov). 

In July 2008, Balakhna lace seen in Pärnu (Estonia) at the VIII International Exhibition of  lace. The exhibition was organized by the Municipality and the Foundation "Estonian cultural capital." Its participants were lace-makers from countries where the lace has a long tradition: Estonia, Latvia, England and Sweden. Balakhna Museum was the sole representative of Russia. The museum's director, Marina V. Suchkovа and head of the "Museum of Lace", master lace Galina Kotova managed to charm the women of Western Europe to their crafts. As written in the invitation letter organizer Eeva Talts (board member of the Society of Estonian handicrafts and folk art, president, "the Estonian Lace" at the Society of Estonian handicrafts and folk art): "... after seeing your photos on the site of Galina A. Kotova and exhibits Balakhna museum, I was struck by Balakhna lace ..." The fact that modern Western lace weave small items and a narrow lace to design women's clothing. Balakhna as has long been famous for its large things (kerchiefs, scarves, shawls). Lace goods Galina Kotova, which retained ancestral traditions "balahonsky manner," impressed by their magnitude, pure performance, the new author's intention. It's safe to say that her six-foot maroon scarf, made by her own skolok on display is unique and nothing like in the world does not exist.

Lace butterflyAt the request of Eeva Talts Galina A. Kotovа held for participants of the master class. 36 lace-makers for two days under the guidance of  Balakhna master of lace made lace butterfly (technical drawing drafted by Galina A. Kotova) and only 5 participants performed the task until the end, two Estonian women and an Englishwoman. The Swedish delegation received from Galina lace butterfly as a gift. The only inconvenience in communication - the language barrier. All communication took place in Estonian and English, but richly illustrated electronic presentation, prepared by the museum staff, showed European lace-maker Balakhna lace XIX-XX centuries. As it turned out, there are significant differences in the terminology of lace, various in different countries, different the lace elements names. So, for example, Russian lace "nasnovka" called "seed", Estonian - "leaf", an English - "almonds".

The exhibition organizers expressed confidence that the European cooperation for the development and popularization of lace-making will continue. Balakhna already received an invitation to IX show.

Lace butterflyThe most fruitful for the Balakhna museum became 2008: January 18, opened a new branch - the "Museum of Lace";in the museum becomes a member of Galina A. Kotova;in the museum open a creative workshop of lace "Balakhna's ornaments".

"The Museum of Lace" is located in a two-story brick building built in the 1990s. The first room contains lace the second half of XIX - early XX centuries.: Scarves, shawls, scarves, sweaters, successfully entered in the interior of the merchant's room. Visitors will certainly surprise the prevalence of black, the most popular among urban womans dwellers. The second room - the peasant way of life and dimensional lace on clothing, towels, bedding. A special place in the museum devoted to lace the Soviet era.

It should be noted that since joining the museum Galina A. Kotov conservation and promotion of lace increased significantly. We hope that our collection and in the future will increase.

Balakhna's lace is a unique facility and tourist display in the XXI century, as well as two hundred years ago, continues to be a calling card of Balakhna.

Creative Workshop of lace "Balakhna ornaments" under the guidance of the master of lace, a member of Artists Union of Russia Galina Kotova invites young people to learn the basics of lace-making.


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